liste références

C'est pour un soucis de clarté et de simplicité que j'ai préféré séparer les sources bibliographiques que j'utilise dans des textes. En effet, je reste persuadé que seul ceux qui possèdent suffisamment de curiosité arriveront à cette page et trouveront les sources qu'ils souhaitent.


1 Rev. M. Hyamson, ed. and tr., Mosaicarum et romanarum legum collatio, London, 1913 (reprint Buffalo, 1997), pp. 82-83. (Coll. leg. mos. et rom. 5.3.1-2)

2 Columbia Encyclopedia, 5th edition, New York, 1993, s.v. Minerva, p. 1782.

3 Wilhelm Ensslin, Die Religionspolitik des Kaisers Theodosius des Grossen, Munich, 1953. In: Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Year 1953, No. 2.

4 Leviticus 18:22, 20:13.

5 Institutes of Justinian 4.18.4.

6 Seneca, De ira 1.21; Juvenal 6.371-373, 10.306; Martial 6.2, 9.6.4, 9.8.5; Statius, Silvae 4.3.16; Suetonius, Nero 28, Domitian 7.

7 Code of Theodosius 9.7.3.

8 Matthew 19:12; Digest of Justinian 50.16.128.

9 Digest of Justinian 21.1.1.9 in conjunction with 21.1.5-6 and 21.1.38.7.

10 Digest of Justinian 1.7.2.1, 1.7.40.1, 23.3.39.1, 28.2.6.

11 Juvenal 1.22.

12 Athanasius, History of the Arians, 5.38.

13 Sextus Aurelius Victor, Epitome of the Caesars, 42.19.

14 Lucian, The Eunuch, 6.

15 Aristotle, Generation of Animals, 4.1.

16 Pliny, Natural History, 11.49.

17 Firmicus Maternus, Mathesis, 3.9.1.

18 Clement of Alexandria, The Educator, 3.4.26.

19 Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 3.1.1.

20 Epiphanius of Salamis, Basket of Heresies, 4.3.2-5.

21 Gregory Nazianzen, Oration 37, 16-17.

22 Code of Theodosius, 16.5.17.

23 Otto Seeck, Geschichte des Untergangs der antiken Welt, Stuttgart, 1920-1922 (reprint 1966), vol. 5, p. 531, note regarding p. 229, line 9.

24 Code of Theodosius, 9.7.6.

25 New Constitutions of Justinian, 77 and 141. For the dates I rely on Derrick Sherwin Bailey, Homosexuality and the Western Christian Tradition, London, 1955 (reprint 1975), pp. 73ff.

26 As Tertullian had done, for example, in Monogamy, 3: "The Lord Himself opened the kingdom of heaven to eunuchs and He Himself lived as a eunuch. The apostle [Paul] also, following His example, made himself a eunuch and indicated that continence is what he himself prefers."

27 Visigothic Code 3.5.5-6.

28 Aristotle, Generation of Animals, I 2. "The male is t he one that has power to generate in another ... while the female is the one [that has power to generate] in itself." Greek: "tô arren men einai to dunamenon gennan eis heteron ... to de thêlu to eis auto."

29 Code of Hammurabi § 172 and following, and  § 184 and following.

30 See end of myth of Atrahasis, Tablet III 7, in Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others, tr. by Stephanie Dalley, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989, p. 35.

31 Plutarch, On Isis and Osiris, 38. See translation in Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride, edited with translation and commentary by J. Gwyn Griffiths, University of Wales Press, 1970.

32 Plutarch, On Isis and Osiris, 14.

33 Plutarch, On Isis and Osiris, 38.

34 Rev. Nancy Wilson, Our Tribe: Queer Folks, God, Jesus, and the Bible, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1995.

35 This use of bethulah is found in Genesis 24:16.

36 The Meridian Hebrew-English/English-Hebrew Dictionary, edited by Dov Ben-Abba, New York: Meridian, 1994. Find 'elem on page 255, col. 2 of the Hebrew-English section. Arabic has a corresponding word ghulam meaning "boy, lad, youth," from a verb ghalima meaning "to be excited by lust, in heat." In ancient times, heat was considered an attribute of males.

37 Exodus 2:8.

38 Genesis 24:43.

39 Brian Whitaker- arab without god, 2016 https://medium.com/@Brian_Whit/transgender-issues-in-the-middle-east-9f40d0559afa

40 Violaine Sebillotte Cuchet, « Les Amazones ont-elles existé ? », L'Histoire, no 374,‎ , p. 70

41 Recherches du Dr Jeannine Davis-Kimball, paru sur http://www.womanthouartgod.com/daviskimball.php

42 Pierre-Olivier Chaumet - Le transgenre, une histoire de tous les temps? LEH édition, 2015

43 Rodolphe Guilland -
Les eunuques dans l'empire byzantin - Revue des études byzantines Année 1943 1 pp. 197-238
https://www.persee.fr/doc/rebyz_0258-2880_1943_num_1_1_907

44 Olivier de Marliave, Le Monde des eunuques. La castration à travers les âges, Imago, 2011

45 Œuvres complètes d’Horace, de Juvénal, de Perse, de Sulpicia, de Turnus, de Catulle, de Properce, de Gallus et Maximien, de Tibulle, de Phèdre et de Syrus, 1869.

46 Alexandre Skirda - La Traite des Slaves : l’esclavage des Blancs du VIIIe au XVIIIe siècle - Les Editions de Paris, 2010

47 Prince Henry's Institute, Monash University. "Study In Transsexuals: Significant Genetic Link To Gender Identity." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 October 2008.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081030111005.html

48 Anne-Virginie Butty, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli Le point sur les étiologies biologiques de la transexualité Rev Med Suisse 2016; volume 12. 534-539
lien vers l'article

49 Claire Ainsworth, Sex redifined, Nature 2015, volume 518 issue 7539
https://www.nature.com/news/sex-redefined-1.16943

50 Theisen, JG, Sundaram, V., Filchak, MS et al. L'utilisation du séquençage de l'exome entier dans une cohorte d'individus transgenres pour identifier les variantes génétiques rares. Sci Rep 9, 20099 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53500-y - https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-53500-y

51 Sara Reardon, The largest study involving transgender people is providing long-sought insights about their health - Nature : 568, 446-449 (2019), doi: 10.1038 / d41586-019-01237-z
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01237-z

52 Eric Lindberg, Researcher explores links between transgender brain and gender identity -  University of Sousthern California, july 2019
https://news.usc.edu/158899/transgender-research-usc-brain-gender-identity/

 53 By Simón(e) D Sun, Stop Using Phony Science to Justify Transphobia - June 2019, Scientific american
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/voices/stop-using-phony-science-to-justify-transphobia/

54 Kreukels Baudewijntje : Gender Dysphoria and Gender Incongruence - International Review of Psychiatry, Volume 28, 2016
https://doi.org/10.3109/09540261.2015.1113163 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09540261.2015.1113163

55 Why and how to support depsychiatrisation of adult transidentity in ICD-11: A French study - June 2019, European Psychiatry, Volume 59, pp8-14
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-psychiatry/article/why-and-how-to-support-depsychiatrisation-of-adult-transidentity-in-icd11-a-french-study/3F7D1966A924FAF172F1E36DA411A361/core-reader

56 Lisa Rapaport,Transgender children sense their gender identities at young ages - Reuters, Dec 2019
https://www.reuters.com/article/health-kids-transgender/transgender-children-sense-their-gender-identities-at-young-ages-idUSL1N28Y0PW